86% of Teens Have These Toxic Chemicals in Their Bodies

Research published Monday in the journal BMJ Open revealed some frightening statistics about the incidence of Bisphenol A (BPA) among teenagers: 86 percent of 94 teenagers tracking their diet and submitting urine samples in a study showed evidence of BPA in their urine.

The culprit: plastic containers and bottles that seep potentially cancer-causing chemical through food and beverages. The teenage participants attempted to reduce their exposure to BPA by avoiding fruits and vegetables packaged in plastic containers, tinned food, and meals designed to be reheated in a microwave in packaging containing BPA, according to a press statement. Welpanyone whos had a long day and wants to just nuke some food in a microwave could be getting a dose of BPA to boot.

And while the teens were able to reduce their exposure to BPA, one author of the paper noted that its next to impossible to avoid BPA: Our students who followed the BPA-free diet reported that it would be difficult to follow it long term, because labelling of BPA products was inconsistent. They found it difficult to source and identify BPA-free foods.

Thats the crux of a problem highlighted BPA literature for the better part of a decade: Warnings about the health effects of cancer-causing chemicals that trickle into food and beverages from common plastic household products that then enter our systemsfrom babies sucking out of sippy cups to adults storing leftovers to heat up the next day. But its a problem neither public health nor the government has figured out yet.

Its not the first time that urine samples have shown that an overwhelming majority of people have BPA floating in their bodies. A 2003-04 survey conducted by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) on behalf of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that 93 percent of 2,517 urine samples of people over the age of 6 had BPA in their system, primarily from food and beverage containers; for infants, breast milk was a primary source.

But wasnt BPA labeled a bad guy nearly a decade ago, when bespoke water bottles flashed the fact that they werent made of BPA and made slinging one around in public practically cool? Yes, but the history of BPA in our plastics runs deepand continues to plague Western plastics consumption.

Public health advocates began warning of BPAs dire effects several years ago, as bombshell study after study reported the chemical, which is used to harden polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, could seep into humans as they broke down. Used since the 1960s, the chemical is found in everything from plastic food storage containers to helmets to dental sealants to water bottlesproducts with high usage across all demographics, including children. BPA can seamlessly enter our bodies because its cloaked in a chemical disguise that makes it similar to estrogen. That means genes that respond to estrogen respond to BPA instead, disrupting the endocrine system and wreaking havoc in the regulation of hormones.

Getting even a minute trace of BPA into the bloodstream isnt pretty: Once in the bloodstream, it can lead to a host of serious health issues, including affecting the prostate gland of fetuses, increased risk of high blood pressure, and hyperactivity. BPA has been connected to other, more serious diseases as well, ranging from prostate cancer and heart disease to fundamental disruptions in the endocrine system and genetic expression, according to a database of BPA studies the NIEHS maintains.

Because of their dangerous side effects, children and pregnant women have been especially warned against using products that contain BPA. But health agencies have been slow to react to BPA outside warning Americans to be careful of exposing themselves to products. In fact, a 2008 report from the National Toxicology Program found minimal concern for females, infants, and children exposed to BPA in mammary glands (i.e., breast milk), and negligible concern for pregnant women and those who might be exposed to BPA in their workplace. Meanwhile, there was some concern about how BPA affected brain, behavior, and prostate gland development in fetuses, infants, and children at current human exposures.

What makes sense from a consumer frontavoiding products that explicitly say they are free of BPAisnt necessarily a safe strategy.

That leads to the latest study on BPA, which suggests that the effects are showing up in a majority of teens (who probably went through the first wave of BPA health warnings) and can lay latent until symptoms of more serious diseases show up later in life. On average, the participants in the studystudents in six southwest England aged between 17 and 19 years oldhad 1.22 ng/mL of BPA in their urine. The students were part of a public health initiative designed to see if tracking diet would help them identify sources of BPA, particularly around plastic food storage containers. The researchers not only found that 86 percent of the students showed signs of BPA in their urine, buttroublinglythat it was nearly impossible to avoid BPA in daily life due to poor labeling: We found no evidence in this self-administered intervention study that it was possible to moderate BPA exposure by diet in a real-world setting.

What's even more worrisome is the sheer prevalence of products that contain BPA in everyday life, despite regulations not only in the United States but across the world. As the studyfrom researchers at England's University of Exeterpoints out, the European Food Safety Authority has investigated the health effects of BPA. Similarly, the Food and Drug Administration has not outright banned the use of BPA but warned in the 2008 National Toxicology Report that it had some concern for effects on the brain, behavior, and prostate gland in fetuses, infants, and children at current human exposures, along with a 108-page report that outlined the negative health effects of BPA.

Whats more, alternatives arent exactly a safe bet. The public outcry over BPA had the plastics industry scrambling to create alternate products that were BPA-free yet helped harden plastics the way BPA did, but some early research indicated that these BPA-replacements had the ability to induce estrogenic activity, including baby bottles and sippy cups, that stressed they were BPA-free and used resins like polysterene and Tritan instead.

So what makes sense from a consumer frontavoiding products that explicitly say they are free of BPAisnt necessarily a safe strategy, and its one that the researchers themselves ran into while working with the 94 teens, who reported that they had a hard time outright avoiding products that contained BPA.

We found no evidence in this self-administered intervention study that it was possible to moderate BPA exposure by diet in a real-world setting, the authors noted. Furthermore, our study participants indicated that they would be unlikely to sustain such a diet long term, due to the difficulty in identifying BPA-free foods.

The study has its limits: It focuses on fewer than 100 British teenagers in a specific region in England, and the students self-reported their own dietary restrictions.

But the study highlights two things. First, its nearly impossible to avoid BPA in our food packaging. Second, safe substitutes arent necessarily safe. Better labeling might help, but what will ultimately make for less dismal statistics are outright bans of BPA and better-tested substitutes of plastic hardenersor better yet, avoiding them altogether with equally effective, affordable, accessible optionsthat dont make BPA the unavoidable health threat it has become.

Read more: https://www.thedailybeast.com/86-of-teens-have-these-toxic-chemicals-in-their-bodies

Gonorrhea Could Soon Be Untreatable

TheUnited Kingdom’s chief medical officerhas sent a warning to all doctors that the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea could evolve to the point where it cannot be treated, returning humanity to the pre-penicillin era. Such an outcome can be delayed, and possibly prevented entirely, if doctors prescribe drugs correctly, Dame Sally Daviesclaimed. Sadly, this is not currently happening, at least not all the time.

It seems that just as medicine starts to make sex safe from one threat, another rises in its place. This is not entirely coincidental. The arrival of better treatments for HIV,at least in the developed world, may haveled to an increased number of people becoming blas about safer sex practices. This could explain thespiralingrates of diseases such as syphilis and chlamydia, particularly among a generation too young to remember when deaths from AIDS were common in the West.

For gonorrhea, increased opportunities for transmission are combining with the antibiotic resistance seen emergingacross many bacterial diseases. In March this year, an outbreak of drug-resistant gonorrhea was reportedin Leeds, with cases spreading to other north-England towns.

This is not the first time the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeaehas developed resistance to antibiotics. However, at one time, a variety of spare drugs existed that could be pressed into service when an old one no longer worked. Those days may soon be over, warn infectious disease specialists.

The recommended treatment for gonorrhea is to combine a ceftriaxone injection and an oral dose of azithromycin or doxycycline. This double hit of very different types of antibiotics almost always kills the bacterium, at least currently. Taking only one of the antibiotics opens up the danger of resistance appearing to first one drug and then the other.

Consequently, the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV were concerned to discover that online pharmacies wereoffering azithromycin on its own,while some doctors are prescribing obsolete antibiotics.

Most people infected with gonorrhea show no symptoms, although they can still transmit it. For those who experience symptoms, the most common are yellow or green genital discharge, bleeding between periods and pain during sex or urination. Rarer outcomes include a 20 percentincreasedrisk of prostate cancer, and blindness in children born with the disease.

In 2009, a strain of gonorrhea, called H041,was identified that was untreatable with all cephalosporin-class antibiotics, which includes ceftriaxone. However, only one case of H041 has been reported. Although cases of two other ceftriaxone-resistant strains have been published,it is clear that not every multidrug-resistant strain will spread wildly. Nevertheless, with 16 cases now known from the Leeds outbreak, warning signs are obvious.

The announcement that Truvada can prevent infection with HIV when used as a morning after drug has sparked concerns that people will become even more lax about condom use, opening the door to other diseases. These fears are debated,but haven’t been helped by poster campaigns apparently advocatingcondomless sex, as if HIV was the only threat.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gonorrhea-s-resistance-could-soon-make-it-untreatable

This Woman Can Smell Parkinson’s Disease

The thought of being diagnosed with Parkinsons disease strikes fear into the minds of all but the most stoicindividuals; early detection is difficult, and it iscurrently an incurable condition. So it is quite astonishing that Joy Milne, a 65-year-old woman, has the ability to smell the disease in people, as reported by BBC News. She first noticed the scent on her husband which she described as a very subtle, musky smell six years before he was given a medical diagnosis of Parkinsons disease.

She only made the connection after she joined the charity Parkinsons U.K. and met with other sufferers of the disease, each with the same odor. This led researchers at the University of Manchester to test her out in a controlled, laboratory setting; they found she could very accurately identify people suffering from the disease by smelling the t-shirts they slept in.

It is thought that the sebum an oily fluid that lubricates and waterproofs the skin is chemically altered in those suffering from Parkinsons, producing a unique chemicalthat can only be detected by those with incredibly powerful senses of smell, including Mrs. Milne.

Parkinsons disease is a slow, progressive neurological disorder that damages specific nerve cells within the substantia nigra, the part of the human brain associated with risk, reward and movement. It is a truly debilitating disease, rendering a person unable to control tremors in their otherwise stiff and inflexible muscles. Nerve cells that produce dopamine a molecule that helps to coordinate movement in the muscles are severely damaged.

Both humans and dogs, along with most mammals, have scent glands. Information about a member of another species can be ascertained either consciously or subliminally by inhaling scents, such as sexual intent, mood, social status and health.

Dogs have at least 220 million scent glands, so it may be remarkable, but not surprising, that they can smell the chemicals given off by cancerous tumors in humans. Cancerous cells produce these chemicals (volatiles), which are then removed from the body through urination.Dogs with some training can pick up on the odor of these volatiles in urine samples and react to their presence.

However, its extremely unusual that a human, which typically has only 5 million scent glands, can detect the volatiles being emitted from someone afflicted with Parkinsons. This has convinced the University of Manchester, along with Parkinsons U.K., to start a new study analyzing the unique volatiles produced in the sebum of sufferers.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/woman-who-can-smell-parkinsons-disease-inspires-new-research

Home Remedies for Prostate Enlargement Part 1 II घरलू नुस्खो से कम करें प्रोस्टेट की बढ़त – भाग-1 II

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Home Remedies for Prostate Enlargement Part 1 II घरलू नुस्खो से कम करें प्रोस्टेट की बढ़त – भाग-1 II

The prostate's main role is to produce an essential portion of the seminal fluid that carries sperm. This walnut-shaped gland located just below a man's bladder starts to kick in near puberty and continues to grow and grow. This enlargement doesn't usually cause symptoms until after age 40, and it usually doesn't cause problems until age 60 or later.
An enlarged prostate is problematic because it presses on the urethra, creating difficulties with urination and weakening the bladder. Some of the symptoms of prostate problems include:
difficulty urinating
frequent urination, especially at night
difficulty starting urination
an inability to empty the bladder
a dribble of urine despite the urgent need to urinate
a burning sensation when urinating
uncontrolled dribbling after urination
pain behind the scrotum
painful ejaculation
Ignoring prostate problems, as some men are wont to do, isn't a smart idea. Left untreated, prostate problems can get progressively worse, become more painful, and can lead to dangerous complications, including bladder and kidney infections.
Changes in diet can help relieve some prostate discomforts and, in some cases, may reduce the chances of developing prostate cancer. Check out how home remedies from the kitchen can help in Prostate Enlargement.

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